Thyroid Ultrasound

Thyroid ultrasound is a test for the evaluation of thyroid gland in the neck. Abnormalities in thyroid gland with thyroid ultrasound are the most useful tests for detection of goiter or nodules. Thyroid cancer is also detected by this ultrasound examination.

How is thyroid ultrasound made?

Thyroid ultrasound imaging,  involves the use of a small transducer (probe) and ultrasound gel placed directly on the skin. After the transducer collects the sounds that bounce back. Computer then uses those sound waves to create an image.

It can be done safely in pregnant women. Thyroid ultrasound has an important role in the diagnosis of thyroid cancer.

Benign Disease Types of Thyroid Gland

  1. Goiter: There are two types of diffuse goitre and nodular goitre. The main manifestation of this disease is the overgrowth of the thyroid gland. If there is a nodule every 6 months there is a need to see the radiology experts to check if there is a change in bad temper.
  2. Thyroiditis: Non-microbial inflammation in the thyroid gland. It is autoimmune, that is, the antibodies produced by one's own immune system attack their own cells. It may also occur during pregnancy. Thyroiditis problem can occur to the person due to hereditary reasons. For example Hashimato (Hashimato) Like thyroiditis. The thyroiditis caused by Hashimato disease should be closely monitored. If a nodule is formed in the thyroid gland due to a hashimato, a change in abuse may occur. Therefore, follow-up is important.

Malignant Disease Types Of Thyroid Gland

  1. Papillary Thyroid Ca: Although it is defined as thyroid cancer, it is a relatively benign cancer type. The ultrasound performed for the examination of the thyroid gland can be detected by experienced specialists in the field. If the thyroid is detected during ultrasound, the diagnosis should be confirmed by thyroid biopsy.
  2. Follicular Thyroid Ca: This type of thyroid cancer, which is usually seen in women over the age of fifty, is a more aggressive type of cancer. Thyroid gland is the most malignant type of cancer. The cancer that starts here tends to progress towards the lymph nodes. If detected during thyroid ultrasound, thyroid biopsy is required for definitive diagnosis.
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Dr. Rengin TürkgülerMd. Rengin TURKGULERInterventional Radiologist
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